The execution of building of Ancient Iran Museum was started in 1927, in where a place was determined as archeology Library.
After inaugurating the museum in 1937, the Library and Documentation Center was established aiming at meeting research requirements of the personnel of the museum and Archeological Office through preparing 1000 Persian and Latin books which were borrowed form Maaref Library.
This library was directed by Andrew Gedar, the designer and architecture of Museum. Since 1946, The library was directed by the various Iranian managers, until General Office of Archeology was changed to Archeology Center of Iran in 1972-1973.
In 1981, while starting new activities of Ancient Iran Museum, its library was also revived and directed by the present manager alongwith two persons in charge under supervision of two departments upto Nov.1987. By establishing Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran and changing the name of Ancient Iran Museum to National Museum of Iran, this library was brought under inspection of the Museum. Various scientific and cultural personalities of the country have had great role in developing and completing of this library such as Ali Asghar Hekmat, Ali Farahmandi, Mahdi Bahrami, Mohammad Taghi Mostafavi and Salma Moghaddam.
This Library, through 63 years activities, have been the place for studying and visiting majority of cultural and political personalities of Iran and the world, where should be considered as a cultural and scientific point.
At present, over 18 thousands books and publications in various languages are available in this library as well as is the great historical, artistic and archeological specialized library in Iran as well as the neighbor countries, where is highly worldwide esteemed. In addition to relation and cooperation with local scientific and research institutes, this library is corresponded with the similar foreign institutes including transmitting information, books and publications. It is not only meets the research requirements of the personnel of Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran but also every day welcomes the majority of researches, students and who are interested to Archeology and History.